GC: n

CT: A biome is an area of the planet that can be classified according to the plants and animals that live in it. Temperature, soil, and the amount of light and water help determine what life exists in a biome. A biome is different from an ecosystem. An ecosystem is the interaction of living and nonliving things in an environment. A biome is a specific geographic area notable for the species living there. A biome can be made up of many ecosystems. For example, an aquatic biome can contain ecosystems such as coral reefs and kelp forests.

S: NatGeo - https://bit.ly/2RHouAY(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019)

N: 1. 1916, from Greek bios "life" (from PIE root *gwei- "to live") + -ome, an Anglicization of Greek -(o)ma, neuter noun suffix (see -oma). Probably coined by U.S. ecologist Frederic E. Clements.
2. A major ecological community of organisms adapted to a particular climatic or environmental condition on a large geographic area in which they occur.
3. Not all scientists classify biomes in the same way. Some use broad classifications and count as few as six biomes. These are forest, grassland, freshwater, marine, desert, and tundra.
Other scientists use more precise classifications and list dozens of different biomes. For example, they consider different kinds of forests to be different biomes. Tropical rain forests that are warm and wet year-round are one biome. Temperate deciduous forests—those that have cold winters, warm summers, and are dominated by trees that lose their leaves—are a different biome. Taiga forests, which are in cold regions and are dominated by cone-bearing firs and spruces, are yet another biome.
4. Freshwater biomes are those that are found in the water. The depth of the water will determine what lives there as well as the temperature. They include lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, and the wetlands.
5. When you think about extremely large bodies of water such as the ocean, those are marine biomes. They contain saltwater instead of freshwater.
6. Perhaps the most complicated element of biomes is wrapped up with anthropogenic biomes. This is one that takes all of the human efforts into it.
7. The animals and plants in a biome have adaptations that are suited for their environment. Destructive changes that occur in an ecosystem disrupt food chains and could lead to the endangerment or extinction of organisms. As such, biome conservation is vital to the preservation of plant and animal species.
8. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the book Biomes of Earth: Terrestrial, Aquatic, and Human-Dominated written by Susan L. Woodward in 2003.

S: 1. OED - https://bit.ly/2HcTCnY(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019). 2. BOD - https://bit.ly/2si1nP2(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019). 3. NatGeo - https://bit.ly/2RHouAY(external link) (last access: 9.01.2019). 4. Bioexp - https://bit.ly/2OfxnzZ(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019). 5. Bioexp - https://bit.ly/2OfxnzZ(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019). 6. Bioexp - https://bit.ly/2OfxnzZ(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019). 7. ThoughtCO - https://bit.ly/2SJmplp(external link) (last access: 9 January 2019). 8. Amazon - https://amzn.to/2SGgrBI(external link) (consulta: 9 January 2019).


CR: afforestation, biosafety, biotope, deforestation (EN), ecology, environment, keystone species, natural environment, reforestation (EN).


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