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cognition (EN)

GC: n

CT: The most exciting hypothesis in cognitive science right now is the theory that cognition is embodied. Like all good ideas in cognitive science, however, embodiment immediately came to mean six different things. The most common definitions involve the straight-forward claim that “states of the body modify states of the mind.” However, the implications of embodiment are actually much more radical than this. If cognition can span the brain, body, and the environment, then the “states of mind” of disembodied cognitive science won’t exist to be modified. Cognition will instead be an extended system assembled from a broad array of resources. Taking embodiment seriously therefore requires both new methods and theory.

S: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00058/full(external link) (last access: 23 February 2015)

N: 1. mid-15c., "ability to comprehend," from Latin cognitionem (nominative cognitio) "a getting to know, acquaintance, knowledge," noun of action from past participle stem of cognoscere (see cognizance).
2. In the fields of Psychology (General) and Educational Psychology: The mental faculties of perception, thought, reason, and memory, as distinct from emotion and volition.
3. In the field of Artificial Intelligence: "Knowing" in the broadest sense: perception, memory, judgment. And the result of such a process.
4. In psychology and in artificial intelligence, it is used to refer to the mental functions, mental processes and states of intelligent entities (humans, human organizations, highly autonomous robots), with a particular focus toward the study of such mental processes as comprehension, inferencing, decision-making, planning and learning (see also cognitive science and cognitivism).
5. Recently, advanced cognitive researchers have been especially focused on the capacities of abstraction, generalization, concretization/specialization and meta-reasoning which descriptions involve such concepts as beliefs, knowledge, desires, preferences and intentions of intelligent individuals/objects/agents/systems.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=cognition&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 23 February 2015). 2 & 3. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 23 February 2015). 4 & 5. http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/c/cognition.htm(external link) (last access: 23 February 2015).

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CR: automation, cognitive sciences, deep learning, virtual personal assistant.


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