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photonics

GC: n

CT: What is the Photonics Industry? Photonics is one of the fastest growing high-tech industries in the world today. It includes optical communications (e.g., fiber optics, lasers, and infrared links), optical imaging (e.g., spy and weather satellites, night vision, holography, flat screen display, and CCD videocameras), optical data storage and optical computing (e.g., CD’s and DVD’s), optical detectors (e.g., supermarket scanners, medical optics, and nondestructive evaluation of materials), lasers (e.g., welding lasers, laser surgery, laser shows, and laser rangefinders), spectroscopy (e.g., chemical and biological detection, anti-terror detection), quantum optics (e.g., quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography, and single-photon optics).

S: http://www.phyast.pitt.edu/~snoke/photonics/industry.html(external link) (last access: 18 December 2014)

N: 1. From photon ("unit of electromagnetic radiation," 1926 in modern sense, from photo- "light" + -on "unit.") and -ics (in the names of sciences or disciplines, like acoustics, aerobics, economics, etc., it represents a 16c. revival of the classical custom of using the neuter plural of adjectives with -ikos to mean "matters relevant to" and also as the titles of treatises about them; subject matters that acquired their names in English before c.1500, however, tend to remain in singular such as arithmetic, logic).
2. The technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fiber optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics, and sophisticated systems. The range of applications of photonics extends from energy generation to detection to communications and information processing.
3. In the fields of Photoelectricity and Electron Optics, Optical Telecommunications: The branch of electronics involving the use of devices having an electronic input and using photons for such functions as coupling, logic processing, memory, and amplification.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=photon&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 18 December 2014). 2. IATE - https://goo.gl/xv8Xvg(external link) (last access: 18 December 2014); http://www.photonics.com/EDU/Term.aspx?TermID=6170(external link) (last access: 18 December 2014). 3. TERMIUM PLUS - https://goo.gl/uJF6S4(external link) (last access: 18 December 2014).

SYN: optoelectronics, opto-electronics, optical electronics, optronics.

S: TERMIUM PLUS - https://goo.gl/uJF6S4(external link) (last access: 18 December 2014)

CR: computer science, environment, lepton (EN), linear accelerator, nanotechnology, robotics, synchrotron, X-rays.



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