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robotics

GC: n

CT: Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robot s. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence , mechatronics, nanotechnology , and bioengineering.
Science-fiction author Isaac Asimov is often given credit for being the first person to use the term robotics in a short story composed in the 1940s. In the story, Asimov suggested three principles to guide the behavior of robots and smart machines. Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics, as they are called, have survived to the present:
  1. Robots must never harm human beings.
  2. Robots must follow instructions from humans without violating rule 1.
  3. Robots must protect themselves without violating the other rules.
S: Whatlscom - http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/robotics(external link) (last access: 4 February 2015)

N: 1. 1941, from robot + -ics. Coined in a science fiction context by Russian-born U.S. author Isaac Asimov (1920-1992), who proposed the "Three Laws of Robotics" in 1968.
2. Robotics is the study of robots. Robots are machines that can be used to do jobs. Some robots can do work by themselves. Other robots must always have a person telling them what to do.
3. Applications of Automation:
  • The science of designing, building, and applying robots.
  • The practice of designing, building, and applying robots.
  • The techniques involved in designing, building, and using robots.
4. robotics: term standardized by ISO/IEC and CSA.

S: 1. OED - http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=robotics&searchmode=none(external link) (last access: 4 February 2015). 2. http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/robotics/home/what_is_robotics_k4.html#.VNJLaFWG8T8(external link) (last access: 4 February 2015). 3 & 4. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 4 February 2015).

SYN:
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CR: android, automatic control engineering, automation, automaton, cognition (EN), cognitive sciences, computer science, cybernetics, cyborg (EN), drone, feedback, intelligent agent, intelligent system, robot (EN).


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