Find below the list of sources we have used for compiling the terms:

AA – Android Administrative. © 2017 Android Authority. Available from:

AAC – All About Circuits. © EETech Media, LLC. Available from:

AAP – Australian Antarctic Program. ustralian Government’s Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment and Australian Antarctic Division. Kingston, Tasmania. Available from:

ABC – American Biogas Council. The mission of the American Biogas Council is to create jobs, environmental sustainability and energy independence by growing the American biogas industry. The American Biogas Council is a 501(c)(6) organization, Washington, DC. Available from:

ACP – Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union. Available in:

ACS – American Chemical Society. Available from:

ACSP – American Chemical Society Publications. Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society. Available from:

ACADEMIC – Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias. © Academic, 2000-2017. Available from:

ACT – Aircraft technology. Engineering & Maintenance. Aviation Industry Group. February-March 2004. Issue: 68.

ADEKO – Association for Design, Elements and Constructions. 50th Anniversary of the University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Serbia Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovakia. Machine Design, may 2010. Available from:

AEM – Environmental Engineering: Designing a Sustainable Future by Anne Elizabeth Maczulak, PH.D. Collection: Green technology, New York, 2010. Available from:

AGARD – The Advisory Group for Aeronautical Research and Development (AGARD) was an agency of NATO that existed from 1952 to 1996. AGARD was founded as an Agency of the NATO Military Committee. Available from:

Agbar Foundation. Website of the Agbar Water Museum. Foundation Agbar, Cornellà de Llobregat. Available from:

AHD – The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Copyright 2017 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved. Available from:


AIRQ – Air Quality in Europe. © copyright CITEAIR 2007. Available from:

altE Store. Available from:

ALA – American Lung Association. ©2017 American Lung Association. Available from:

Amazon – Available from: Website of the archive of the American Government. State Department’s Bureau of International Information Programs (IIP) engages international audiences on issues of foreign policy, society and values to help create an environment receptive to U.S. national interests. Available from:;

AMS – American Meteorological Society. 45 Beacon Street Boston. Available from:

ANTACO – Antaco Biomass to energy. © Copyright 2014 Antaco. Available from:

AP – KROES, M.J and WILD, T. Aircraft Powerplants, 7th edition, Macmillan / McGraw Hill, Newyork, 1994, ISBN 0-02-801874-5.

AP(G) – KROES, M.J and WILD, T. Aircraft powerplant glossary, 7th edition, Glencoe, Macmillan/McGraw Hill, Nueva York, 1994, ISBN 0-02-8018745.

Apple – Available from:

AYT – Aplicaciones y tecnología. Available from:

APub / AP – Arcadia Publishing. 2016. Available from:

ARAB – Araba water council. Available from:

ArcGis – Geographic Information System. Availabe from:

Arrow – Arrow Electronics Inc. Available from:

ARTI – This website is a private, independent project to track the latest scientific and technological progress towards that goal. Website created and maintained by James Pearn, Munich, Germany. Available from:

AS – Access Science. Board of Consulting Editors. Available from:

ASCE – Glossary of the Mapping Science, American Society of Civil Engineers. Available from:

Astrounl – Astronomy Education at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (USA). Available from:

AT – Air Things. © Airthings. Available from:

ATCO – Natural gas distributor in Alberta. Available from:

AUGOV – Australian government, Department of the Environment. Available from:

AVAST – Official Webpage of an antivirus:

AWEA – American Wind Energy Association. Available from:

BAA – Biofuels Association of Australia. Available from:

BALBIC – Baltic Bioenergy and Industrial Charcoal. Available from:

Bathia – Bathia, P. (2013): Vehicle technologies to improve performance and safety, University of California Transportation Cente. Available from:

BB – Black Body. Page Contributed by G.Pattison,YR.13 student 2000/2001, edited by M.Keith, A.Gregory. Available from:

BBC – Website of the British public service broadcasting corporation. Available from:

BC Hydro – BC Hydro. Green & Alternative Energy Division. “Green Energy Study for British Columbia – Phase 2: Mainland.” (20080414). BC Hydro is a provincial Crown corporation with a mandate to generate, purchase, distribute and sell electricity. Copyright © 2014 BC Hydro. Available from:

BCP – Bergeron, Chantal. Biorefinery Co-products. Available from:

BD – Business Dictionary. © 2019 WebFinance Inc. Available from:

BE – Big East, promoting Biogas for Eastern Europe. Available from:

BEC – Biomass Energy Centre. The BIOMASS Energy Centre (BEC) is owned and managed by the UK Forestry Commission, via Forest Research, its research agency. Available from:,15273&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

Bioe – BioEnergy Consult. Powering Clear Energy Future. Available from:

Bioexp – Bioexpedition. Available from:

BIOFUEL – Biofuels. The fuel of the future. Available from:

BioMedB – Biotechnology for Biofuels. Biomed Central. © 2017 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Available from:

BioMEMS – The BioMEMS laboratory. Available from:

BIOREF – Aresta, Michele. Biorefinery from biomass to chemicals and fuels. Available from:

BM – Brain & Mind, Electronic Magazine on Neuroscience. Copyright Silvia Helena Cardoso 1997-2003. Avaiable from:

BO – Biology Online. © All Rights Reserved. Available from:

BOD – Biology Online Dictionary. Available from:

BR – Biotic Regulation. Available from:

Braz – Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. Print version ISSN 1517-8382. Braz. J. Microbiol. vol.38 no.2 São Paulo Apr./June 2007. Available from:

BV – Bureau Veritas. The website is published by the company Bureau Veritas Marine & Offshore, SAS, registered with the Companies and Trade Register of Nanterre under number 821 131 844, with registered office at 8 Cours du Triangle, 92800 Puteaux (France). The website is hosted by Acquia on Amazon Web Services Ireland Limited – One Burlington Plaza, Burlington Road, Dublin 4 (Ireland). Available from:

CA – GUNSTON, B. The Cambridge aerospace dictionary. Editor, Jone’s Information Group. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

CAE – The Canadian Encyclopedia. Available from:

CBD – Convention on Biological Diversity. Available from:

CCM – CCM. © CCM Benchmark Group 2016. Available from:

CCOHS – Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Available from:

CD – Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Web (2013). Available from:

CDIT – Computer Dictionary of Information Technology. A subsidiary of Broader Technologies, Inc. Available from:

CE – Chemical Elements Available from:


CEC – Commission of European Communities. 2013. P.5. Available from:

CERN – Official website of the European Organization for Nuclear Research. ©Copyright CERN 2016. Available from:

ChABSA – The Chesapeake Area Biological Safety Association, is an incorporated, non-profit organization that is an affiliate of the American Biological Safety Association (ABSA) established in 1984. Available from:

CIS – IEEE Computational Intelligence Society. Available from:

CIT – California Institute of Technology. Available from:

CHE – Chemistry Explained. Available from:

CHECO – The Chemical Company. Global Bounds in Chemistry. Available from:

CherrPa – Cherry, J.A. y Parker, B.L.(2004): Role of Aquitards in the Protection of Aquifers from Contamination: A “State of the Science” Report. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Available from:

CI – Conservation Institute. Available in:

CIEH – Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors. Available from:

CIESE – The Centre for Innovation in Engineering and Science Education. Stevens Institute of Technology – Innovation University. Available in:

CITERSEERX – Scientific literature digital library and search engine.The College of Information Sciences and Technology. The Pennsylvania State University. Available from:

CK12 – © CK-12 Foundation 2017. We’re mission-driven and committed to providing universal access to great educational experiences. Available from:

CM – The Core Memory. Graeme Philipson. A Short History of Software. Available from:

CNN – Cable News Network. Available from:

CNRI – Robert E. Kahn; Vinton G. Cerf. What Is The Internet (And What Makes It Work). December, 1999. Available from:

COC – The Works. Cambridge Department of Public Works. Massachusetts. © 2017 City of Cambridge, MA. Available from:

CODECOGS – CodeCogs provides a collection of online resources, including computer software, forums, and software request (referred to hereafter as “the Service”) subject to the following Terms of Use (“TOU”). By using the Service in any way, you are agreeing to comply with the TOU. CodeCogs © 2004-2014 Zyba Ltd. Available from:

Collins – Collins Dictionary. © Collins 2017. Available from:

COMPLETE PLANET – The Deep Web Directory. Available from:

Condorchem – Condorchem Envitech: Smart Ideas for WasteWater & Air Treatment. © 2017 – Condorchem. Available from:

CORDIS – Community Research and Development Information Sevice. European Commission. Available from

CORP ESP – Corpus del español. Created by Mark Davies, BYU. Funded by the US National Endowment for the Humanities (2001-2002, 2015-2017). Available from:

CP – Carbon Planet. Carbon Planet’s mission is to enable every individual and business on the planet to manage their contribution to climate change. Established in 2000, Carbon Planet has been working with businesses around the world, helping them quantify the risks and explore the opportunities emerging in the carbon constrained economy. Available from:

CPR – Cyberspace Policy Review. Hosted by Federation of American Scientists. Available from:

CT – Urban Water Cycle. Tueson: Council of Tueson. Avaible from:

Cumbria – Cumbria County Council. Serving the people of Cumbria. Available from:

DB – Difference Between | Wiki Diff. Descriptive Analysis and Comparisons, 2016. Available from:

DCIS – Department of Computer and Information Science. Available from:

DCS – Direct Combustion Systems to Produce Power from Biomass from Wood, Forest and Agricultural Crop Residue (1981). Available from:

DEE – Diccionario español de la Energía. Ángel Martín Municio y Antonio Colino Martino. Aranjuez, Madrid: Editorial Doce Calles, 2004. (english equivalents)

Department of Conservation of the State of California. Available from:

DESNH – New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. Available in:

DevX – A publication of DevX. Available from:

DGES – A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences. Fourth Edition (2013). Edited by Michael Allaby. – © 2016, LLC. Available from:

DiPVS – EIC Diodes in Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems. PDF document available from:

DTMe – Diccionario de términos médicos. Real Academia Nacional de Medicina, Madrid, Spain. Available from: (english equivalents)

Duhaime – Duhaime’s Encyclopedia of Law. Available in:


DYNA – Dynaflow, Inc. Research and Development in Applied Sciences. © 2017 Dynaflow, Inc All Rights Reserved. Available from:

EB – Evans, Gareth; Furlong Judith. Environmental Biotechnology. Basic Concepts and Applications. New Delhi, India. IK International. 2006. Available from:

EBIOM – Encyclopedia of Biometrics. Stan Z. Li (Editor), Anil K. Jain (Editorial Adviser). Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2009. Available from:

EC – European Commission. Available from:; Translation and drafting resources of the European Commission. Available from:

ECHI – The Essencial Chemical Industry. University of York. Available from:

ECOFI – European Consortium of the Organic-Based Fertilizer Industry. Available from:

ED – Energy Department of the United States. Available from:

EDIN – Edinburgh. The city of Edinburgh Council. © The City of Edinburgh Council. Available from:

EE – ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING. JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. pp. 680-701. 2013. Available from:

EEA – European Environment Agency. Webpage of the European agency based in Copenhagen. Available from:

EECT – Karaday George; Holbert, Keith. Electrical Energy Conversion and Transport. Piscataway, New Jersey. IEEE Press, 2013. Available from:

EEG – Ecological Engineering Group. Ecological Engineering Group is a unique engineering and design practice combining conventional engineering, innovative ecological design, and permitting know-how. Our work ranges from residential homes to multi-building sites, many with environmentally sensitive or restricted conditions. Available from:

EEP – Europe’s Energy Portal. Europe’s Energy Portal was founded in 2005 and has grown into a real online beacon, a trusted environment accessible to anyone with an interest in energy. In particular, energy related to Europe and the member states of the European Union. We are a commercial organization, strongly rooted within the EU, but run independently from the European Commission. Available from:

EERE – Energy efficiency & Renewable Energy. U.S. Department of Energy. Available from:

EIA – The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Available from:

EIONET – European Environment Information and Observation Network. Available from:

EJLT – European Journal of Law and Technology. The European Journal of Law and Technology (EJLT) is a REFEREED open access journal focusing on issues of law and technology in a European context.
EJLT was previously published as The Journal of Law, Information and Technology (JILT), which issues are available here. Available from:

ElectTut – Electronics Tutorials. All contents are Copyright © 2018 by AspenCore, Inc. All rights reserved. Available from:

ELSEVIER – Elsevier is a world-leading provider of information solutions that enhance the performance of science, health, and technology professionals, empowering them to make better decisions, deliver better care, and sometimes make groundbreaking discoveries, that advance the boundaries of knowledge and human progress. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Available from:

EncBrit or EB – ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, inc. Britannica Student Encyclopedia. MCCUDDEN, Mary Rose ed., Chicago, Ill.; Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012. ISBN 9781615355198. Available from:

Enci – Energy Cities. The European learning community for future-proof cities. Available from:

ENCY – Oxford University Press and Columbia Encyclopedia. Available from:

EnEd – Energy Education. The energy education team is made up of Prof. Jason Donev from the University of Calgary and several students. Jason Donev – Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Calgary. 2500 University Ave. NW Calgary AB T1N 1N4 (Canada). Available from:

Energypedia – Wiki-based platform for collaborative knowledge exchange on renewable energy and energy efficiency topics in developing countries. Available from:

Engie – ENGIE SA, registered at 1 place Samuel de Champlain, 92930 Paris La Défense Cedex (France). Available from:

EngineersGarage – Availabre from

EngTB – The Engineering Toolbox. Engineering ToolBox, (2001). Available from:”>

ENV – ENVIROTECH Online. Availabre from:

EO – Edmund optics. Available from:

EOBS – Earth Observatory. Available from:

EOH – Essentials of Hydrogeology by B. Gurugnanam. New Delhi: New India Publishing Agency, 2009. Available from:

EP – European Parliament. Available from:

EPA – Environmental Protection Agency. Available from:

EPRB – Energy Performance of Residential Buildings. A practical guide for energy rating and efficiency by M. Santamouris. London: London: James & James Earthscan, 2005. Available from:

EPSD – Elements of Electrical Power Station. Available from:

ER – Energy Resource. Available from:

ESR – Available from:

ESRU – University Strathclyde. Available from:

ESSA – Economics Student Society of Australia. Available from:

ESTIS – Environmentally Sound Technology Information System. Available from:

European Commission. See EC.

European Parliament. See EP.

EUSEW – EU Sustainable Energy Week . Available from:

EWEA – The European Wind Energy Association. Available from:

EXETER – University of Exeter. Available from:

EXTHSTUFF – Explain that Stuff. Consultado en:

FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available in:

FAOCDR- FAO Corporate Document Repository. Wastewater treatment. Avaible from

FAOTERM – Terminology database, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available from:

FGT – BATHIE, W. Fundamental of gas turbines, Wiley & Sons, USA, 1996, ISBN 0-471-31122-7.

FMC – Ford Motor Company – Available from:

FOA – ANDERSON, J.D. Fundamentals of aerodynamics, 3rd. Edition, McGraw Hill, England, 1987.

FORBESM – Forbes Marshall. Leader in process efficiency and energy conservation for Process Industry located in Kasarwadi, Pune (India). Available from:

Forestry – Forest Research. Available from:

FS – Flight Safety Australia: CASA’s flagship aviation safety magazine. Available from:

FSyst – Flow Systems. Flow Systems Inc. was founded in 1986. Located in Berthoud, Colorado (USA). Available from:

FUNCAS – Center for analysis dedicated to economic and social research. Available from:

GBSS – Guy P. Brasseur and Susan Solomon. Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere. Third revised and enlarged Edition. Netherlands, 2005. Available from:

GCF – For almost 20 years, the program has helped millions around the world learn the essential skills they need to live and work in the 21st century. Available from:

GDT – Le Grand Dictionnaire Terminologique. Quebec Board of the French Language. Available from:

Geoth. Energy – International Geothermal Association (IGA),1988. Available from:

GHC – Green Hydrogen Coalition. Educational non-profit organization founded in 2019. Available from:

Global Observatory. Website of analysis on global issues. Available from:

Google AI – Google Artificial Intelligence. Available from:

GoogleB – Google Books. Available from:

GOVCAN – Government of Canada. Available in:

GRC – Gordon Research Conferences. Available from: – The official website of the UK Government. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated. © Crown copyright. Available from:

GreenFacts – Facts on Health and the Environment. Available from:

Groundwater Research. Available from:

GRUNDFOS – Available from:

GT – © Georgia Institute of Technology. The Georgia Institute of Technology (GT) collects information from individuals or entities when they access any GT website. Available from:

HAWCAST – Haworth Castings. Haworth Castings Ltd., Budds Lane Industrial Estate, Romsey, Hampshire, SO51 0HA (United Kingdom). Available from:

HE – Hydrogen Europe. Avenue Marnix 23, 1000 Brussels (Belgium). Available from:

HEFLO – Heflo. Available from:

HIELSCHER – Hielscher: Ultrasound Technology. © copyright 1999-2017, by hielscher ultrasonics gmbh. Available from:

HOLOCENTER – HOLOCENTER Center for the Holographic Arts. Consultado en:

Hphysics –

HS – Health System, University of Michigan. Available from:

HU – Harvard of University. Available from:

IATE – InterActive Terminology For Europe. The EU inter-institutional terminology database. Available from:

IDA – International Desalination Association. Available from:

IEA – International Energy Agency. Available from:

IEEE – The IEEE Xplore digital library is a powerful resource for discovery of scientific and technical content published by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) and its publishing partners. Available from:

IFC – International Finance Corporation. © 2020. World Bank Group. Available from:

IHRB – Institute for Human Rights and Business. 34B York Wy, London N1 9AB, United Kingdom. Available from:


IIMA – Iron Metallics Association. IIMA is a global industry association whose members account for more than 80% of production and international trade in ore-based metallics. Available from:

IMDB – Internet Movie Database. Amazon company. © 1990-2023 by, Inc. Available from:

IMV – International meteorological vocabulary, World Meteorological Organization. Geneva, Switzerland: Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO),1992. ISBN 9263021821. Available from:

INC – Inc. Websites, apps, events and other services operated by Mansueto Ventures LLC (‘Mansueto Ventures’). Available from:

INFOGINX – infoginx. Infoginx’s Website. Basildon, Essex (United Kingdom). Available from:

INFOMINE – Mining Intelligence and Technology. Available from:

Infoplease. Website of resources for Internet users. Available from:

INVESTOPEDIA – INVESTOPEDIA is a trademark of Investopedia, LLC. © 2015, Investopedia, LLC. Available from:

IOC – Indian Ocean Commission (Commission de l’Océan Indien). Copyright © 2013 Commission de l´Océan Indien. Available from:

IPS – International Peatland Society. Nisulankatu 78. Jyväskylä, Finland. The International Peatland Society (IPS) is an organisation of corporate and individual members dedicated to the responsible management and Wise Use of peatlands and peat. Available from:

ISE – The Institute for Sustainable Energy. At Eastern Connecticut State University. Available from:

ISWA – International Solid Waste Association. © 2013 ISWA International Solid Waste Association. Available from:

ITSA – Instituto Tecnológico Superior de

IU – Indiana University. Indianapolis, IN 46202. Available from:

JBB – Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 953065, 8 pages. Available from:

JDP – Global leader in consumer insights, advisory services and data and analytics. Available from:

JM – James Walker. Manufacturing organisation. Available from:

Kelly – Kelley, M. C. 2009. The Earth’s Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics. Academic Press. Elsevier. United States. Available from:


LEC – Lignite Energy Council. Available from:

Legislation.UK – The National Archives. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. © Crown copyright. Available from:

LENNTECH – Water Treatment Solution Enterprise. Available from:

LidarUK – Website created by Bluesky International Limited as a resource to give users and clients more information about lidar. Available from:

LIVESCIENCE – Live Science. Available from:

LOW – The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. (n.d.). Available from:

LSA – KATZ, J. et PLOTKIN, A. Low-speed aerodynamics: from wing theory to panel methods. New York, London, Madrid. McGraw-Hill, 1991. ISBN 0-07-050446-6:33.

MAP – Occupational health intervention technologies. Available from:

MC – Medium Corporation. Medium taps into the brains of the world’s most insightful writers, thinkers, and storytellers to bring you the smartest takes on topics that matter. Available from:

MCN – Mercury News – Available from

MEDICALDICT – Medical Dictionary. 2003-2016 Farlex, Inc. Available from:

METEOTERM – World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Terminoloy database. Available from:

Met Office. Available from:

MEROX. Available from:

Microbiol – Tricia D. le Van, Joseph A. Robinson, John Ralph, Richard C. Greening, Walter J. Smolensk3, Jane A. Z. Leedle, and Daniel M. Schaefer, Assessment of Reductive Acetogenesis with Indigenous Ruminal Bacterium Populations and Acetitomaculum ruminis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. September 1998 64:9 3429-3436

MOGJ – Mining Oil and Gas Jobs is the biggest source of information about employment, career planning and training in the Australian resources industry. Available from:

MolBio – Chauhan, Ashok; Varma, Ajit. A Textbook of Molecular Biotechnology. I.K International Publishing House. New Delhi, India. 2009.

Montgomery – Department of Environmental Protection Montgomery County, Maryland. © Copyright 2017. Montgomery County Government. All Rights Reserved. Available from:

MORAN – Moran, J. (2012) International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3, Issue 4, April-2012

NAVARRO – NAVARRO, Fernando A. Diccionario crítico de dudas inglés-español de medicina. Madrid: McGraw-Hill, Interamericana de España, 2005. ISBN 84-481-9808-5.

MOSBY – Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 9th edition. © 2009, Elsevier.

MP – M. E. McIntyre & T. N. Palmer. Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere. Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Nature, Vol. 305. 13 October 1983. University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 9EW, UK. Avalible from: [PDF]

MSNASA – NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. Mission:Science is provided by NASA’s Science Mission Directorate to engage students in NASA Science and showcase educational resources created by NASA and its partners. Available from:

MSU – Michigan State University. Available from:

MW – Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary copyright © 2013 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Available from:

NAC – Nitric Acid Concentration. Chemetics. Available from:

NAI – Natural and Artificial Intelligence by Armand M. de Callataÿ. Amsterdam: North-Holland Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., 1992. Available from:

NASA – Website of information about National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA Official: Brian Dunbar. Available from:

NASDAQ – nasdaq. Consultado en:

NatGeo. Website of National Geographic Magazine. Available from:

NCBI – National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health. Available from:

NCSU – Lucia, Lucian. Lignocellulosic: a potential feedstock to replace petroleum. North Carolina State University. Available from:

NE – Network Encyclopedia. Ciberforma. Available from:

NETL – National Energy Technology Laboratory. U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory. Available from:,

New Scientist – © Copyright Reed Business Information Ltd. Available from:

News24 – News24. Breaking news. Available from

NG – National Grid plc. British multinational electricity and gas utility company headquartered in London. Available from:

NIH – National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. USA Government. Available from:

NIST – National Institute of Standards and Technology. U.S. Department of Commerce. Available from:

NJ – NJ Ayuk. Website created by NJ Ayuk, JD, MBA. An internationally-acclaimed thought leader, lawyer, thinker, speaker and entrepreneur, who advises major companies on corporate strategies with a focus on investing in Africa’s future. Available from:

NL – Northern Lights Solar solutions. One of the world’s leading suppliers of solar water heaters and equipment for residential and commercial applications. Available from:

NNG – Nielsen Norman Group. We provide research-based UX guidance by studying users around the world. Available from: 

NOAA – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. Available from:

Norton – Norton by Symantec. ©1995 – 2016 Symantec Corporation. Available from:

NOS – National Ocean Service, United States Department of Commerce. Available from:

NRC – Natureal Resources Canada. Available from:

NREL – National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Available from:

NTI – Nuclear Threat Initiative. Available from:

NUCENG or – Available from:

NUST – Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Available from:

OD – Oxford Dictionaries – Available from:; Oxford English Dictionary- Available from:

OE – Origine Energy Blog. Available from:

OECD – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Available from:

OED – Online Etymology Dictionary (this abbreviation is used exclusively for this project). Available from:

OEERE – Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Available from:

OLFACTO – Olfacto Expert: Number 1 North American Odor Expert. All Rights Reserved © 2014 Olfacto Expert inc. Available from:

OLW – Online Library Wiley. Available from:

OMWT – Olive Mill Water Treatment, Evagelia Tsagaraki, Harris N. Lazarides, and Konstantinos B. Petrotos. Available from:

OPENCHANNEL – Available from:

Openchannelflow – Available from:

OR – Oxford References. Oxford University Press. Copyright © 2017. All rights reserved. Available from:

ORF – Observer Research Foundation. Available from:

ORGCHEM – Available from: Organic Chemistry

OXYMEM – OxyMem Ltd, Blyry, Athlone, County Westmeath, N37 CK06, Ireland. Available from:

Panda – Panda Mediacenter. Panda Security, S. L. Available from:

Pangaro – Paul Pangaro PhD. © Copyright Paul Pangaro, 1995 – 2018. Available from:

PCMAG – PC magazine. Consultado en:

PCS – Help with PCS. Available from:

PGL – A Practical Guide to Localization by Bert Esselink. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamin B.V., 2000. Available from:

PHOTOVOLTAIC – Tiwari, G.N. Fundamentals of Photovoltaic Modules and their Applications. The Royal Society of chemistry. Cambridge, 2010. – © 2003 – 2017, Science X network. Science X™ is a leading web-based science, research and technology news service which covers a full range of topics. Available from:

PHYSICS – Doshi, Dhiren. Living Science Physics for class 10. Available from:

PHYSORG – Available from:

PLB – Pluto books. New Wing, Somerset House, Strand, London, WC2R 1LA (United Kingdom). Available from:

Polymeric Materials – Köhl, Michael. Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications. Available from:

Popsci – Popular Science. Copyright © 2018 Popular Science. A Bonnier Corporation Company. Available from:

Princetonedu – Princeton University. Available from:

PTSA – Maheshwari, D. Potential Microorganisms for Sustainable Agriculture. I.K. International Publessing House. New Dehli, India. 2208.

PubMed – US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health

PVedu / PVEDUCATION – Welcome to the Photovoltaic Education Network. A collection of resources for the photovoltaic educator. Available from:

RAD – Radioactivity EU. Available from:

RAMA: The repertory of arts, manufactures, and agricultura. Consisting of original communications, specifications of patent inventions, practical and interesting papers. Selected from the philosophical transactions and scientific journals of all nations. Monthly intelligence relating to the useful arts, proceedings of learned societies, and notices of all patents granted for inventions. Volume XXI-Second series.

RE / REW – Renewable Energy World. The World’s #1 Renewable Energy Network for News, Information, and Companies. © Copyright 1999-2017 Available from:

RG – ResearchGate. Professional network for scientists and researchers. Available in:

RGS – Royal Geographic Society. Available from:

RI – NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION. ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE AND DEVELOPMENT. Rotorcraft icing: progress and potential: report. Neuilly-sur-Seine: NATO, 1986. ISBN 92-835-1535-8.

RIT – Rochester Institute of Technology. Private reasearch university founded in 1829. Available from:

RT – Rotten Tomatoes. Available from:

RUK – Renewable UK 2013. UK’s leading renewable energy trade association. Available from:

Ruth F. Weiner. Environmental Engineering. Avaible from:

RVO – Netherlands Enterprise Agency. Government agency part of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy. Available from:

RWP – ReliefWeb Project – – Draft Version, August 2008. Available from:

saveEnergy –

SB – Security Boulevard. MediaOps, Inc. Available from:

SBC – Small Biz Connect is a quality, personalised and highly subsidised business advisory program for small businesses in NSW.
Funded by the NSW Government and will link with other business support services such as the Commonwealth Government’s Entrepreneurs’ Infrastructure program, as well as initiatives of Local Government and private enterprise. Sydney, Australia. Available from:

SC – Sciencing. Copyright 2017 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Available from:

Scholarpedia – The peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia, where knowledge is curated by communities of experts. Available from: Website of news and information on science and technology for development. Available from:

Science – Science Magazine. Science and its publisher, along with several outside partners AAAS, sponsor a number of awards spotlighting new research contributions, outstanding papers, and more. Available from:, https://science.sciencemag.orgs

ScienceABC – Available from:

SCPP – Solar Chimney Power Plant. Available from:

SCS – Sustainable Chemistry Solutions. Available from:

SCINET – Scientific.Net is a registered brand of Trans Tech Publications Inc. Available from:

SD – Science Daily. ScienceDaily is one of the Internet’s most popular science news web sites. Since starting in 1995, the award-winning site has earned the loyalty of students, researchers, healthcare professionals, government agencies, educators and the general public around the world. Available from:

SDir – Science Direct. ScienceDirect is Elsevier’s leading information solution for researchers, teachers, students, health care professionals and information professionals. Available from:

SE – Solar Energy. Available from:

SEAI – Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland. Available from:

SEDE – SEDE Environment. © 2010 SEDE Environnement. Available from:

SER – SE Ranking. All-in-one agency-tailored SEO platform. Available form:  

SERVPRO – © Servpro Industries, Inc. – All services in the U.S. performed by independently owned and operated franchises of Servpro Industries, Inc. Indianapolis, IN 4623 (USA). Available from:

SfEP – Science for Environment Policy. European Commission DG Environment News Alert Service, edited by SCU, The University of the West of England, Bristol (UK). Available from:

SLASDM – The Specialised Lexicographical Approach: A Step further in Dictionary-making by Edo Marzá, Nuria. Bern: Peter Lang, 2009. Available from:

SOILS – Soil Science Society of America. Available in:

SolarEn – Sukhatme, S.P; Nayak, J.K. Solar Energy, Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage. Available from:

SPGlobal – S&P Global. S&P Global’s roots stretch back to 1860 with a vision for how Essential Intelligence could Accelerate Progress in the industrial revolution. Available from:,

SSmob – Search Mobile Computing. Techtargets. All Rights Reserved, Copyright 2003 – 2017, TechTarget. Available from:

SStor – Searchstorage. In 1999, we launched to create a space in which storage experts could share objective content to help IT pros, like yourself, solve any and all of today’s storage challenges. Available from:

STAR – NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION. Scientific and technical aerospace reports. Washington D.C., 1963. ISSN 0036-8741.

Starch – International Starch Institute, Aarhus N, Denmark. Available from:

STE – Solar Thermal Energy. Available from:

STS – Beranzoli, P; Favali, P. Science-Technology Synergy for Research in the Marine Environment: Challenges for the XXI Century. Elsevier Science B.V. 2002. Available form:

SustainAbility. Strategy consultancy. Available from: Sustainable Earth Technology, Newcastle, NSW Australia. Available from:

Sustainable Energy Week – European Union Sustainable Week 2014. Available from:

TACIS – Dictionary of energy terms English – Russian – German – French. Brussels: European Commission, 1996.

TAGTO – PWA MARKETING SUPPORT, The aircraft gas turbine operation, Pratt & Whitney, USA, 1951.

TAWD – Ackerman, Edward. Technology in American Water Development. RDD Press, 2011. Available from:

TB – The Balance. 2016. Available from:

TBAH – The Biomass Assessment Handbook by Frank Rosillo-Calle. London: Earthscan, 2007. Available from:

TBT – LOGAN, E. Turbomachinery: basic theory and applications, Dakker, USA, 1993, ISBN 0-8247-9138-X.

TC – The conversation. Available from:

TCB – Torfaen County Borough: Welcome to Torfaen County Borough Council. © Copyright 2017 Torfaen County Borough Council. Available from:

Techopedia – Copyright © 2017 Techopedia Inc. (‘Site’), the website for IT Professionals provided by Janalta Interactive Inc. (‘Janalta’). Available from:

TERMIUM PLUS – Termium Plus® The Government of Canada’s terminology and linguistic data bank. Available from:

TESPL – Transparent Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd. Copyright ©2016 TESPL All rights reserved. Available from:

TET – The Engineering Toolbox. Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications. Available from:


TFD – The Free Dictionary. Available from:

The Guardian. British daily newspaper. Available from:

Techterms (see TT).

THERMOSCIENT – Thermo Scientific, United States. Available from: Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Methods Manual .Available from: Online Thesaurus. Available from:

The Telegraph. British online daily newspaper. Available from:

The Times of India. Online Indian Daily Newspaper. Available from:

TJE – ROLLS ROYCE TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT, The jet engine, Rolls Royce Publication Department, England, 1986, ISBN 0-902121-04-9, 278 p.

TNO – Independent non-for-profit research organization founded by law in 1932. Available from:

Tojo – Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems. Author(s) : Tojo & Hirasawa. Release Date: 06 Nov 2013. Imprint: Academic Press. eBook ISBN : 9780124046832. Print Book ISBN : 9780124046092. Elsevier Store. Available from:

TS – Texas State. Available from:

TT – TechTerms. © 2016 Sharpened Productions. Available from:

Turbine – Turbine Taps Irrigation Canals for Power. Available from:

Tutapoint – is based in the USA, and all of’s tutors live in the United States. Copyright 2007 – 2014 Available from:

UBC -The University of British Columbia. Faculty of Science – Computer Science. Vancouver Campus 2329 West Mall VancouverBC Canada V6T 1Z4 and Okanagan Campus 3333 University Way KelownaBC Canada V1V 1V7. Available from:

UCAR – Center for Science Education. Available from:

UCSF – University of California San Francisco – Medical Center. Available from:

UE – Cosmología del Plasma. © 2016. Consultado en:

UKY – University of Kentucky. 1997 – 2016. Available from:

UMN – University of Minnesota Duluth. Available from:

UN – United Nations. Departments / Offices: New York, Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna. Available from:

UNM – University of New Mexico. Albuquerque, NM 87131. Available from:

UNDP – United Nations Development Programme. Available from:

UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Available from:

UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme. United Nations. United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya.  Available from:

UNFCCC – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Available from:

University of Denver. Available from:

University of East London. Personal Home Pages. Available from:

UNOGTERM -The terminological database of the United Nations Office at Geneva. Available from: (no more available, see UNTERM)

UNTERM – United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database. Maintained by the Terminology Team of the
Terminology and Reference Section, Documentation Division, DGACM, New York. Available from:

UPONOR – Available from:

USC – University of South Carolina. University Libraries Rare Books and Special Collections. Available from:

Usenix – USENIX | The Advanced Computing Systems Association. Available from:

USNRC – United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Available from:

U. S. Department of Defense. Available from:

U-T San Diego. Website of local news from San Diego. Available from:

VC – Virtual College. 1 Springs Ln, Ilkley LS29 8HD, United Kingdom. Available from:

VINTARS – The Vienna INternet Terminology And Reference System, United Nations Office at Vienna. Available from: (See UNTERM)

Virginia Center for Digital History. Available from:

VIV – Vladimir I. Vernadsky. The Biosphere. Nevraumont Publishing Company New York, New York, 1998. Available from: 

VoH -Vision of Humanity. Vision of Humanity is powered by research, data and analysis by the world renowned think tank, the Institute for Economics & Peace. Available from:

VOITH – Pumped Storage Plants .Available from:

Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. Available from:

WATER – (last access: 4 November 2014) –® is a knowledge exploration and self-education tool about information technology that contains over 7,500 definitions as well as an equal number of topical fast references, cheat sheets and quizzes. Created by IBM technical writer Lowell Thing during the early days of the Internet, was acquired by TechTarget in 1999. For the last decade, site content has been researched by editorial director Margaret Rouse and content editor Ivy Wigmore, who write definitions and post learning content with the assistance of experts in specific areas of technology and business. Available from:

WCA – World Coal Association. Available from:

WE – Water Energy. Available from:

Webop – Webopedia. Copyright 2016 QuinStreet Inc. Available from:

WEBROOT- Market leader in cloud-based, real-time internet threat detection for consumers, businesses and enterprises. Colorado, United States. Available from:

WFP – United Nations World Food Programme. Available from:

WG – wiseGEEK – Copyright © 2003 – 2014 Conjecture Corporation. Team of researchers, writers and editors dedicated to providing short, clear and concise answers to common questions. Available from:

WHO – World Health organization. Available from:

WHOTERM – World Health Organization terminology database. Available:

Wi-Fi – The Innovation Journey of Wi-Fi: The Road to Global Success by Wolter Lemstra, Vic Hayes, John Groenewegen. Cambridge University Press, Nov 18, 2010. Available at Google Books:

Wiktionary (see Wiktio)

Wiktio – Wiktionary. The free dictionary (2017) A WIKIMEDIA project. Powered by MediaWiki. Available from:

WMO – World Meteorological Organisation terminology database (METEOTERM). Available from:

WNA – World Nuclear Association. Available from:

WORCESTER – Worchester Bosch Group. © 2014 Bosch Thermotechnology Ltd. Available from:

Worldwide Helpers. Platform to connect volunteers around the world. Available from:

WP – Wind Power: Renewable Energy for Home, Farm, and Business, 2nd Edition, by Paul Gipe. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2004. Available from:

Wrap – The Waste and Resources Action Programme (which operates as WRAP) is a registered UK Charity No. 1159512 and registered as a Company limited by guarantee in England & Wales No. 4125764. © WRAP 2017. Available from:

YBI – Luscombe, N.M. What is bioinformatics? An introduction and overview. Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University. Available from:

Oral sources:

MO – Mark Oakley, lecturer in Translation studies at Universidad Europea de Madrid and professional translator.

PB – Peter Bonney, reviser at Universidad Europea de Madrid and professional translator.

GJ – Gareth Jones, Aeronautic engineer, General Electric, Engines Division. Caerphilly Road, Nantgarw, Cardiff, CF15 7YJ, United Kingdom.

SW – Stuart Walker, Aeronautic engineer, Rolls-Royce, Aircraft Engines. PO Box, 31, Derby, DE24 8BJ, United Kingdom.