CT: The story of Joseph Weizenbaum is in many ways almost as interesting as that of Turing. An early pioneer in computer science, Weizenbaum was one of the fortunate few to join the embryonic MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab in the early 1960s. His most celebrated accomplishment was the development of ELIZA, a program so entertaining that it still attracts clients to its web site today. ELIZA is based on very simple pattern recognition, based on a stimulus-response model.
ELIZA also introduced the personal pronoun transformations common to ALICE and many other programs. “Tell me what you think about me” is transformed by the robot into “You want me to tell you what I think about you?” creating a simple illusion of understanding.
S: http://www.alicebot.org/articles/wallace/eliza.html (last access: 25 February 2015)
N: A family of programs developed by Joseph Weizenbaum in the 1960s, designed to support “natural language conversation” with a computer. Its name was chosen to emphasize that it may be incrementally improved by users, since its language abilities may be continually improved by a “teacher”. Like the Eliza of Pygmalion fame, it can be made to appear even more civilized, the relation of appearance to reality, however, remaining in the domain of the playwright.
S: TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 25 February 2015)