energy dependence

GC: n

CT: Over recent years, EU economies have been exposed to energy price increases leading to adverse effects on consumers and industries. Some economies have also been confronted with disruptions to gas supply, affecting gas-dependent industrial activities and households. Arguably, the EU economy will continue to be exposed to risks related to energy prices, including potential oil shocks or gas shortages.
In order to assess how Member States are energy dependent and potentially vulnerable to energy price hikes and supply shortages, a set of energy dependence indicators (EDI) has been developed. Three dimensions of energy dependence are considered for this analysis: (1) security of energy supply, (2) energy and carbon intensity, and (3) contribution of energy products to trade. The performance of each of the 28 Member States is analysed and compared along each of these three dimensions. This cross-country analysis is complemented by 10 country fiches. The report also includes an in-depth analysis of Energy Efficiency drivers.

S: (last access: 26 December 2014)

N: 1. energy (n): 1590s, “force of expression,” from Middle French énergie (16c.), from Late Latin energia, from Greek energeia “activity, action, operation,” from energos “active, working,” from en “at” + ergon “work, that which is wrought; business; action”.
Used by Aristotle with a sense of “actuality, reality, existence” (opposed to “potential”) but this was misunderstood in Late Latin and afterward as “force of expression,” as the power which calls up realistic mental pictures. Broader meaning of “power” in English is first recorded 1660s. Scientific use is from 1807. Energy crisis first attested 1970.
dependance (n): c.1400, early variant of dependence, rare since c.1800; see -ance.
dependence (n.): early 15c., from Middle French dépendance, from dependre. Originally also dependance (the earlier form), depending whether the writer had French or Latin foremost in mind; the Latin form gradually predominated and after c.1800 dependance is rare. As an adjective from c.1600.
2. Energy dependency shows the extent to which an economy relies upon imports in order to meet its energy needs. The indicator is calculated as net imports divided by the sum of gross inland energy consumption plus bunkers.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 26 December 2014). 2. IATE (last access: 26 December 2014); EUROSTAT – (last access: 26 December 2014).

OV: energy dependance

S: GDT (last access: 26 December 2014)


CR: energy