hybrid car
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CT: Conventional vehicles use gasoline or diesel to power an internal combustion engine. The hybrid car also uses an internal combustion engine—and can be fueled like normal cars—but has an electric motor and battery, and can be partially or wholly powered by electricity.
By using both a conventional engine and electric motor, the best hybrids achieve significantly better fuel efficiency than their non-hybrid counterparts. They also pollute less and save drivers money through fuel savings.
The most advanced hybrids have larger batteries and can recharge their batteries from an outlet, allowing them to drive extended distances on electricity before switching to gasoline or diesel.
The most efficient hybrids utilize “electric-only drive,” allowing the vehicle to drive entirely on electricity and use less fuel.

S: UCSUSA – https://goo.gl/B48hVh (last access: 1 December 2017)

N: 1. – hybrid (adj): First Known Use: 1601. Being offspring produced by parents of different races, breeds, species, or genera. Something (such as a power plant, vehicle, or electronic circuit) that has two different types of components performing essentially the same function.
– car (n): c. 1300, “wheeled vehicle,” from Anglo-French carre, Old North French carre, from Vulgar Latin *carra, related to Latin carrum, carrus (plural carra), originally “two-wheeled Celtic war chariot,” from Gaulish karros, a Celtic word (compare Old Irish and Welsh carr “cart, wagon,” Breton karr “chariot”), from PIE *krsos, from root *kers- “to run.” “From 16th to 19th c. chiefly poetic, with associations of dignity, solemnity, or splendour …” Used in U.S. by 1826 of railway freight carriages and of passenger coaches on a railway by 1830; by 1862 of streetcars or tramway cars. Extension to “automobile” is by 1896, but from 1831 to the first decade of 20c. the cars meant “railroad train.” Car bomb first attested 1972, in reference to Northern Ireland. The Latin word also is the source of Italian and Spanish carro, French char.
2. A (car) that employs a combustion engine system together with an electric propulsion system.
3. Types of hybrid cars:

  • Mild hybrid: it has a battery and helper motor, but these operate while the gas engine is on, and never fully take over. They are not powerful enough to propel the car without the gas engine also doing some of the work.
  • Plug-in hybrid: this is one step further along the “bridge” toward a pure electric vehicle. Most of these include all the technologies of a full hybrid, but have an extra trick – they have larger batteries. These can be plugged into the grid and their incrased supply of on-board electricity allows them to run in all-electric mode.
  • Micro and Muscle Hybrids: it is considered by some barely even a hybrid. It usually utilizes stop-start, and often may include a 48-volt battery to operate on-board electrical systems, and may improve economy 10-20 percent.

4. Differences between hybrid and electric cars:

  • The hybrid car derives some of its power from a conventional gasoline engine.
  • A true electric car gets all of its power from electrical sources, and thereby is a completely non-polluting zero-emission vehicle (ZEV).

5. Advantages to using hybrid cars:

  • Reduced Fuel Costs: it’s the most obvious, and most-often touted benefit of a hybrid car: the amount of money that a battery-assisted vehicle can save you at the fuel pump.
  • Fewer Emissions: Hybrid cars like the Ford Fusion Hybrid aren’t just thrifty when it comes to reducing the amount of gasoline one needs to purchase – their slow sip rate also translates into a significant reduction in the amount of greenhouse gases that they produce.
  • Tax Incentives: hybrid cars are typically more expensive than their gas-only counterparts. Fortunately, the federal government has created several income tax credit programs that are designed to encourage the purchase of hybrid cars.

S: 1. OED – https://goo.gl/oyYpDt (last access: 1 December 2017); MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hybrid (last access: 1 December 2017). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.goo.gl/vo5atR (last access: 1 December 2017). 3. HYB – https://goo.gl/s1qkjD (last access: 1 December 2017). 4. CARSDIR – https://goo.gl/bV8gUp (last access: 1 December 2017). 5. AUTOBYTEL – https://goo.gl/ytxA7Q (last access: 1 December 2017).

SYN: hybrid electric car, hybrid.

S: TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.goo.gl/vo5atR (last access: 1 December 2017)

CR: battery, bioelectricity, bioenergy, carbon footprint, carbon monoxide, clean energy, diesel , ecological footprint, ecology, efficient use of resources, electrical energy, fuel, global warming, renewable energy, renewable energy integration, renewable energy potential, renewable energy sources.