bioclimatic architecture
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GC: n

CT: What is bio­cli­matic architecture? Archi­tec­ture that has a con­nec­tion to Nature. Build­ing designs that take into account cli­mate and envi­ron­men­tal con­di­tions to help achieve optimal ther­mal com­fort inside. It deals with design and archi­tec­tural ele­ments, avoid­ing com­plete depen­dence on mechan­i­cal sys­tems, which are regarded as sup­port. A good example of this is using nat­ural ven­ti­la­tion or mixed mode ven­ti­la­tion.

S: http://bioclimaticx.com/bioclimatic-architecture1/ (last access: 31 December 2014)

N: 1. bioclimatic (adj): From bio (word-forming element, from Greek bio-, comb. form of bios “one’s life, course or way of living, lifetime” (as opposed to zoe “animal life, organic life”), from PIE root gweie- “to live”; the correct usage is that in biography, but in modern science it has been extended to mean “organic life”) and climatic (1828, from climate + -ic. There is a 1650 citation for climatical in Oxford English Dictionary (OED). Related: Climatically).
architecture (n): 1560s, from Middle French architecture, from Latin architectura, from architectus “architect” (see architect).
2. Bioclimatic architecture is defined as an architecture which has a connection with nature, it is about a building that takes into account the climate and environmental conditions to favor thermal comfort inside. This architecture seeks perfect cohesion between design and natural elements (such as the sun, wind, rain and vegetation), leading us to an optimization of resources. The main principles of this architecture are:

  • The consideration of the weather, hydrography and ecosystems of the environment in which buildings are built for maximum performance with the least impact.
  • The efficacy and moderation in the use of construction materials, giving priority to low energy content compared to high energy.
  • The reduction of energy consumption for heating, cooling, lighting and equipment, covering the remainder of the claim with renewable energy sources.
  • The minimization of the building overall energy balance, covering the design, construction, use and end of its life.
  • The fulfillment of requirements of hygrothermal comfort, safety, lighting and occupancy of buildings.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=bio&searchmode=none; http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=climatic&searchmode=none; http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=architecture&searchmode=none (last access: 31 December 2014). 2. http://welearntoday.com/what-is-bioclimatic-architecture/ (last access: 31 December 2014).

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CR: ecology, environment, sustainable architecture.