Semantic Web
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GC: n

CT: The key element is that the application in context will try to determine the meaning of the text or other data and then create connections for the user. The evolution of Semantic Web will specifically make possible scenarios that were not otherwise, such as allowing customers to share and utilize computerized applications simultaneously in order to cross reference the time frame of activities with documentation and/or data. According to the original vision, the availability of machine-readable metadata would enable automated agents and other software to access the Web more intelligently. The agents would be able to perform tasks automatically and locate related information on behalf of the user.

S: PRI – https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Semantic_Web.html (last access: 5 December 2014)

N: 1. – Semantic (adj): 1894, from French sémantique, applied by Michel Bréal (1883) to the psychology of language, from Greek semantikos “significant,” from semainein “to show by sign, signify, point out, indicate by a sign,” from sema “sign, mark, token; omen, portent; constellation; grave” (Doric sama), from PIE root dheie– “to see, look”.
– Web (n): Old English webb “woven fabric, woven work, tapestry,” from Proto-Germanic wabjam “fabric, web” (cognates: Old Saxon webbi, Old Norse vefr, Dutch webbe, Old High German weppi, German gewebe “web”), from PIE webh– “to weave”.
Meaning “spider’s web” is first recorded early 13c. Applied to the membranes between the toes of ducks and other aquatic birds from 1570s. Internet sense is from 1992, shortened from World Wide Web (1990). Web browser, web page both also attested 1990.
2. The term Semantic Web was coined by Tim Berners-Lee. As of 2012, Semantic Web technology is still in its early stages.
3. The Semantic Web is a mesh of data that are associated in such a way that they can easily be processed by machines instead of human operators. It can be conceived as an extended version of the existing World Wide Web, and it represents an effective means of data representation in the form of a globally linked database. By supporting the inclusion of semantic content on Web pages, the Semantic Web targets the conversion of the presently available Web of unstructured documents to a Web of information/data.
4. Abbreviation: SW.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=semantic&searchmode=none (last access: 5th December 2014); OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=web&searchmode=none (last access: 5th December 2014). 2 & 3. TECH – http://www.techopedia.com/definition/27961/semantic-web (last access: 5th December 2014). 4. GDT.

SYN: Intelligent Web

S: GDT

CR: artificial intelligence, computer science, ontology, semantic network.