pruning
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CT: Contemporary technologies of fruit and vine production imply conducting intensive plantation pruning, and so significant amount of biomass appear with ecological and energetic importance. Thermal energy use of biomass residues as pruning is important from the point of view of environmental protection, the closed cycle of production and emission and consumption of emission CO2. Remains of pruning the orchards are burden that hinders the implementation of agricultural practices so that their removal is necessary. Limited reserves of fossil fuels and pollution of the environment imposes the necessity of finding alternative and renewable sources of energy while reducing environmental pollution. Very current problem is to define the optimal technical solutions and technologies for utilization of machine pruning fruit trees and vines, you know increases the energy efficiency of production. Outdated technology, extensive production and disposal of inefficient energy in our country collecting, preparing and using plants remains is not enough application.

S: http://www.academia.edu/5115918/Aspects_%D0%BEf_using_potential_energy_product_%D0%BEf_biomass_after_pruning_fruit_%D0%B0nd_grape_plantations_in_Republic_of_Serbia (last access: 26 December 2014)

N: 1. From verb prune (v.), early 15c., prouyne, from Old French proignier “cut back (vines), prune” (Modern French provigner), of unknown origin. Perhaps (Watkins) from Gallo-Roman pro-retundiare “cut in a rounded shape in front,” from pro- “forth” + retundiare “round off,” from Latin rotundus. Klein suggests the Old French word is from provain “layer of a vine,” from Latin propago.
Or the Middle English word might be identical with the falconry term proinen, proynen “trim the feather with the beak” (late 14c.), source of preen (Barnhart). Related: Pruned; pruning. Pruning hook is from 1610s; pruning knife from 1580s.
2. Pruning: the selective cutting of plant branches or stems to stimulate fruit production, provide for safety from low-hanging branches, create better form, and the like. Proper, wise pruning is necessary for continued plant health.
3. Pruning is a horticultural practice that alters the form and growth of a plant. Based on aesthetics and science, pruning can also be considered preventive maintenance. Many problems may be prevented by pruning correctly during formative years for a tree or shrub.
4. Tree pruning is performed in order to protect the tree or shrub while trimming is performed to ensure perfect growth of the shrub or hedge. Tree trimming service on the other hand is done to remove overgrown bushes which prevents the shrub from receiving enough moisture and light. Tree pruning service involves removal or dead or loose or infected branches so that the shrub can flourish properly. It is also done to give a particular shape to the shrub for aesthetic purposes.
5. Pruning and trimming are two techniques homeowners perform when taking care of their gardens. Trimming usually applies to maintaining small shrubs or hedges, while horticulturists use pruning for trees and shrubs. Both horticulture terms are used interchangeably but utilize different types of equipment and have different times for implementation. The end result of trimming and pruning are healthy and aesthetically appealing trees, shrubs and hedges.

S: 1. OED – ttp://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=pruning&searchmode=none (last access: 26 December 2014). 2. TERMIUMPLUS. 3. http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/trees-shrubs/pruning-trees-shrubs/ (last access: 26 December 2014). 4. http://www.takomatree.com/blog/what-is-the-difference-between-trimming-and-pruning-a-tree/ (last access: 26 December 2014). 5. http://www.ehow.com/info_12199208_difference-between-pruning-trimming.html (last access: 26 December 2014).

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CR: biomass, biomass energy, [clear cutting], bud pruning, sapling, stump, trimming.